A Fuzzy Approach for Measuring Development of Topics in Patents Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation

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Conference Proceeding
2015 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE 2015), 2015, pp. 1 - 7
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Technology progress brings the very rapid growth of patent publications, which increases the difficulty of domain experts to measure the development of various topics, handle linguistic terms used in evaluation and understand massive technological content. To overcome the limitations of keyword-ranking type of text mining result in existing research, and at the same time deal with the vagueness of linguistic terms to assist thematic evaluation, this research proposes a fuzzy set-based topic development measurement (FTDM) approach to estimate and evaluate the topics hidden in a large volume of patent claims using Latent Dirichlet Allocation. In this study, latent semantic topics are first discovered from patent corpus and measured by a temporal-weight matrix to reveal the importance of all topics in different years. For each topic, we then calculate a temporal-weight coefficient based on the matrix, which is associated with a set of linguistic terms to describe its development state over time. After choosing a suitable linguistic term set, fuzzy membership functions are created for each term. The temporal-weight coefficients are then transformed to membership vectors related to the linguistic terms, which can be used to measure the development states of all topics directly and effectively. A case study using solar cell related patents is given to show the effectiveness of the proposed FTDM approach and its applicability for estimating hidden topics and measuring their corresponding development states efficiently.
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