A novel dual-layer bicomponent electrospun nanofibrous membrane for desalination by direct contact membrane distillation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering Journal, 2014, 256 pp. 155 - 159
Issue Date:
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In this study, a bicomponent nanofibrous composite membrane was fabricated by electrospinning and was tested for desalination by direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD). The nanofibrous membrane was composed of a dual-layered structure of poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PH) nanofibers and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) microfibers. Morphological characterization showed slightly beaded cylindrical PH nanofibers with porosity of about 90%. The contact angles of PH and PAN nano/microfibers were 150° and 100°, respectively. The nanofibrous membranes were tested by DCMD and a high water flux of 45 and 30Lm-2h-1 was obtained for distilled water and 35gL-1 NaCl solutions as feed, respectively using DL2 membrane (i.e., 25/75 PH/PAN thickness ratio). The present dual-layer membrane showed better flux performance compared to a commercial flat-sheet membrane. The results suggest the potential of the dual-layer nanofibrous membrane for DCMD applications. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
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