A novel virtual node approach for interactive visual analytics of big datasets in parallel coordinates

Publisher:
Elsevier
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Future Generation Computer Systems, 2016, 55 pp. 510 - 523 (14)
Issue Date:
2016
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© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Big data is a collection of large and complex datasets that commonly appear in multidimensional and multivariate data formats. It has been recognized as a big challenge in modern computing/information sciences to gain (or find out) due to its massive volume and complexity (e.g. its multivariate format). Accordingly, there is an urgent need to find new and effective techniques to deal with such huge datasets. Parallel coordinates is a well-established geometrical system for visualizing multidimensional data that has been extensively studied for decades. There is also a variety of associated interaction techniques currently used with this geometrical system. However, none of these existing techniques can achieve the functions that are covered by the Select layer of Yi's Seven-Layer Interaction Model. This is because it is theoretically impossible to find a select of data items via a mouse-click (or mouse-rollover) operation over a particular visual poly-line (a visual object) with no geometric region. In this paper, we present a novel technique that uses a set of virtual nodes to practically achieve the Select interaction which has hitherto proven to be such a challenging sphere in parallel coordinates visualization.
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