Chemical coupling of photocatalysis with flocculation and adsorption in the removal of organic matter

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Journal Article
Water Research, 2005, 39 (12), pp. 2549 - 2558
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An experimental investigation was made to study the effects of chemical coupling of flocculation and adsorption with photocatalysis in treating persistent organic pollutants in wastewater. The photocatalysis alone showed initial reverse reaction when titanium oxide (TiO2) was used in catalysis. The effect of the pretreatment of adsorption with powdered activated carbon (PAC) on photocatalysis was studied. The results showed that PAC adsorption followed by photocatalysis was not effective in alleviating reverse reaction. On the other hand, when PAC and TiO2 were added simultaneously, the reverse reaction was eliminated. Further, the organic removal was also improved by simultaneous PAC and TiO2 additions. When flocculation with ferric chloride (FeCl3) was used as pretreatment, the organic removal efficiency was superior. The initial reverse reaction was also eliminated/minimized. However, inadequate doses of FeCl 3 (less than 30 mg l-1) resulted in initial reverse reaction and inferior DOC removal. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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