An Investigation of the Performance of a Gasoline Spark Ignition Engine Fuelled with Hot Ethanol Direct Injection

The Combustion Institute
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the Australian Combustion Symposium, the Combustion Institute, 2015, pp. 204 - 207
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
Ethanol direct injection (EDI) is a promising technology to address the issue of knock in downsized spark ignition (SI) engines due to the strong cooling effect of EDI and ethanol’s large octane number. However, the evaporation rate of ethanol is lower than that of gasoline fuel because of its low volatility (saturation vapour pressure) in low temperature conditions and large enthalpy of vaporization. This might have caused the increased HC and CO emissions in an ethanol direct injection plus gasoline port injection (EDI+GPI) engine when EDI was applied. To address this issue, the combustion and emission performance of an EDI+GPI engine fuelled with hot ethanol fuel was experimentally investigated in the present study. The experiments were conducted on a 249 cc single cylinder SI engine at medium load (IMEP 6.0-6.3 bar) and stoichiometric fuel/air ratio condition. The injected ethanol fuel temperature ranged from 45 ℃ (no fuel heating) to 105 ℃ (flash-boiling spray) with an increment of 15 ℃. Experimental results showed that the IMEP decreased slightly with the increase of ethanol fuel temperature. However, the ISCO and ISHC emissions decreased significantly and ISNO increased moderately with the increase ethanol fuel temperature.
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