Specific treatment technologies for removing arsenic from water

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Journal Article
Engineering in Life Sciences, 2006, 6 (1), pp. 86 - 90
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Arsenic (As) is a highly toxic metalloid found in ground and surface water. Arsenic contamination in drinking water leads to harmful effects on human health. To eliminate arsenic from drinking water, several technologies such as coagulation, adsorption, ion exchange, filtration, membrane processes, etc., have been used. In this study, three technologies were evaluated for arsenic removal. Results from batch kinetic experiments showed that iron coated sand (IOCS-2) can remove more than 90% of As from synthetic water. Experiments were conducted with three different pH values (6, 7, and 8) and an initial As concentration of 260 μg/L. A new material, developed in this study, namely iron coated sponge (IOCSp), was found to have a high capacity in removing both As (V) and As (III). Each gram of IOCSp adsorbed about 160 μg of As within a 9-hour contact period of IOCSp with As solution. Low pressure nanofiltration removed more than 94% of As from an influent containing 440 μg/L As. The applied pressure was varied from 85 to 500 kPa. © 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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