Reinforced Timoshenko Beam Theory to Simulate Load Transfer Mechanism in CMC Supported Embankments

Australian Geomechanics Society
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of 12th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, 2016, 1 pp. 1099 - 1106
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Controlled modulus column (CMC) supported embankments are increasingly being used for construction of major highway embankments on soft ground particularly near waterways or coastal regions. CMCs are sustainable and cost-effective ground improvement technology that transmit the load from the traffic and the embankment to a lower bearing stratum through a composite CMC/soil matrix. The key influencing components of the load transfer mechanism include embankment fill, load transfer platform (LTP) with one or more layers of geosynthetics, CMC and the foundation soils. Rapid growth of the application of geosynthetics between two granular layers in the column supported embankment has been observed in the last two decades. The use of LTP enhances the load transfer mechanism in the CMC improved soft ground and minimises the post construction settlement of the ground. In this paper, reinforced Timoshenko beam theory is adopted to simulate the LTP with one layer of geosynthetics that is resting on elastic foundation with columns. A parametric study is conducted to investigate the importance of the LTP on the load transfer mechanism for the CMC supported embankment. Special attentions are given to the thickness of the LTP, the use of geosynthetics and its influence on deflection of the LTP, the shear force developed in the LTP and the tension developed in geosynthetics. The parametric study reveals that the thickness of the LTP has a significant effect on the behaviour of LTP up to a certain limit.
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