Using the land-use planning system to achieve transport-planning outcomes: Comparing experiences between NSW and the UK

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
Proceedings of the State of Australian Cities Conference 2015, 2015
Issue Date:
2015
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Growing interest in the integration of land-use and transport planning has led to the inclusion of transport planning mechanisms within land-use planning policies by local governments in Australia. Travel planning is a transport planning methodology that seeks to reduce the number of single-occupancy vehicle trips generated by a site or precinct. Many local governments are beginning to incorporate a travel planning mechanism as a condition of development consent, requires developers to prepare and implement travel plans. Previous research has found that the implementation of travel plans in land-use planning processes is poorly managed, with no provisions for monitoring, evaluation, compliance or enforcement put in place. This research involved a comparative policy analysis between the UK – where the policy has reportedly been implemented successfully – and in NSW, where implementation of the policy has proved problematic. Drawing on interviews and key policy documents, the review compared key policy mechanisms relating to the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of travel plans, identifying factors in the UK system that were lacking in NSW. This research identified key shortcomings in the NSW system that prevent effective travel planning processes from being undertaken, and explores how the land-use planning system in Australia could be adapted to improve implementation.
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