Velocity distributions in spatially varied flow with increasing discharge

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Journal Article
Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2007, 133 (7), pp. 721 - 735
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The experimental study presented in this paper explores the distribution of the mean velocities for a channel receiving spatially varied (SV) inflow from directly above the centerline of the channel via sets of nozzles. The velocity components u, v, and w have been measured using a laser Doppler velocimeter. Initially the validity of the law of the wall in the channel receiving SV inflow was investigated. It was found that the measured velocity profile within the inertial sublayer region near the channel bed falls below the line representing the log law. Further, if the SV inflow enters at the center of the channel, the degree that the data depart from the log law increases from the sidewall toward the center of the channel. The structures of the velocity distributions are also presented in detail. The results include both near field, that is the area close to where the flow enters the channel, and far field measurements. It was found that the influence of the SV inflow on velocity profiles is largely contained within the SV inflow zone and that the influence within this zone reduces in the downstream direction. At any one section within this zone the influence reduces from the center of the channel toward the sidewall. In addition, some features of the secondary flow established by the SV inflow are described. © 2007 ASCE.
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