Fertiliser drawn forward osmosis process: Pilot-scale desalination of mine impaired water for fertigation

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Journal of Membrane Science, 2016, 508 pp. 22 - 31
Issue Date:
2016-06-15
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
researchoutputs.uts.edu.pdf1.89 MB
Adobe PDF
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. The pilot-scale fertiliser driven forward osmosis (FDFO) and nanofiltration (NF) system was operated in the field for about six months for the desalination of saline groundwater from the coal mining activities. Long-term operation of the FDFO-NF system indicates that simple hydraulic cleaning could effectively restore the water flux with minimal chemical cleaning frequency. No fouling/scaling issues were encountered with the NF post-treatment process. The study indicates that, FDFO-NF desalination system can produce water quality that meets fertigation standard. This study also however shows that, the diffusion of solutes (both feed and draw) through the cellulose triacetate (CTA) FO membrane could be one of the major issues. The FO feed brine failed to meet the effluent discharge standard for NH 4 + and SO 4 2+ (reverse diffusion) and their concentrations are expected to further increase at higher feed recovery rates. Low rejection of feed salts (Na + , Cl - ) by FO membrane may result in their gradual build-up in the fertiliser draw solution (DS) in a closed FDFO-NF system eventually affecting the final water quality unless it is balanced by adequate bleeding from the system through NF and re-reverse diffusion towards the FO feed brine. Therefore, FO membrane with higher reverse flux selectivity than the CTA-FO membrane used in this study is necessary for the application of the FDFO desalination process.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: