Comparative Studies of Base Isolation Systems featured with Lead Rubber Bearings and Friction Pendulum Bearings

Trans Tech Publications
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2016, 846 pp. 114 - 119 (6)
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Due to the fact that safety is the major concern for civil structures in a seismic active zone, it has always been a challenge for structural engineers to protect structures from earthquake. During past several decades base isolation technique has become more and more popular in the field of seismic protection which can be adopted for new structures as well as the retrofit of existing structures. The objective of this study is to evaluate the behaviours of the building with different seismic isolation systems in terms of roof acceleration, elastic base shear and inter-storey drift under four benchmark earthquakes, namely, El Centro, Northridge, Hachinohe and Kobe earthquakes. Firstly, the design of base isolation systems, i.e. lead rubber bearing (LRB) and friction pendulum bearing (FPB) for five storey RC building was introduced in detail. The nonlinear time history analysis was performed in order to determine the structural responses whereas Bouc-Wen Model of hysteresis was adopted for modelling the bilinear behaviour of the bearings. Both isolation systems increase the fundamental period of structures and reduces the spectral acceleration, and hence reduces the lateral force cause by earthquake in the structures, resulting in significant improvement in building performance; however the Lead Rubber Bearing provided the best reduction in elastic base shear and inter-storey drift (at first floor) for most of the benchmark earthquakes. For the adopted bearing characteristics, FPB provided the low isolator displacement.
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