Women's political empowerment: Lessons for subnational levels of government - Nepal, Pakistan, Rwanda, and Indonesia
- Publication Type:
- Handbook of Research on Sub-National Governance and Development, 2016, pp. 385 - 405
- Issue Date:
© 2017 by IGI Global. All rights reserved. Political participation by women is central to development and the empowerment of all citizens. This chapter argues for the recognition of opportunities for women in leadership, political participation, and the strengthening of democracy at the level of subnational governments. A key reason for focusing on gender equity in political life is that women constitute slightly more than half of the world's population, and they contribute to the social and economic development of all societies to a greater degree than men because of their dual roles in the productive and reproductive spheres. At the same time, their participation in formal political structures and processes, where they can contribute to decisions on the use of societal resources generated by both men and women, remains far below parity. Drawing examples from a range of national parliaments and countries, this chapter demonstrates lessons for increasing political participation by women in subnational governance.
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