Characterization of multipartite entanglement in terms of local transformations

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Full metadata record
The degree of the generators of invariant polynomial rings of is a long standing open problem since the very initial study of the invariant theory in the 19th century. Motivated by its significant role in characterizing multipartite entanglement, we study the invariant polynomial rings of local unitary group---the tensor product of unitary group, and local general linear group---the tensor product of general linear group. For these two groups, we prove polynomial upper bounds on the degree of the generators of invariant polynomial rings. On the other hand, systematic methods are provided to to construct all homogenous polynomials that are invariant under these two groups for any fixed degree. Thus, our results can be regarded as a complete characterization of the invariant polynomial rings. As an interesting application, we show that multipartite entanglement is additive in the sense that two multipartite states are local unitary equivalent if and only if $r$-copies of them are LU equivalent for some $r$.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: