Neighbor cache prefetching for multimedia image and video processing

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 2004, 6 (4), pp. 539 - 552
Issue Date:
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Cache performance is strongly influenced by the type of locality embodied in programs. In particular, multimedia programs handling images and videos are characterized by a bidimensional spatial locality, which is not adequately exploited by standard caches. In this paper we propose novel cache prefetching techniques for image data, called neighbor prefetching, able to improve exploitation of bidimensional spatial locality. A performance comparison is provided against other assessed prefetching techniques on a multimedia workload (with MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 decoding, image processing, and visual object segmentation), including a detailed evaluation of both the miss rate and the memory access time. Results prove that neighbor prefetching achieves a significant reduction in the time due to delayed memory cycles (more than 97% on MPEG-4 with respect to 75% of the second performing technique). This reduction leads to a substantial speedup on the overall memory access time (up to 140% for MPEG-4). Performance has been measured with the PRIMA trace-driven simulator, specifically devised to support cache prefetching.
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