Improved single-ended traveling-wave fault- location algorithm based on experience with conventional substation transducers

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 2006, 21 (3), pp. 1714 - 1720
Issue Date:
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Single-ended unsynchronized traveling-wave fault-location algorithms have been around for several years. They avoid the costs and complexities associated with remote-end synchronization. Nevertheless, there is a corresponding increase in required signal processing as each reflection must be identified and then related in time to the signal wavefront. The current signal processing techniques include a combination of modal and wavelet analysis, where the resulting vectors are often squared. However, the performance of this process degrades dramatically with the filtering associated with the substation transducers and secondary circuits. Furthermore, the variation in observed reflection patterns demonstrates that these methods cannot adequately distinguish between faults on the near, or far half of the transmission line. This paper considers the traveling-wave data observed on a 330-kV transmission system and presents a new signal processing methodology to cater for the observations. This is based on the continuous wavelet transform that is calculated at a suitably large scale. The polarities of the resulting coefficients are used to confirm the nature of the fault and to infer the true fault location. © 2006 IEEE.
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