Effect of filling fraction on the performance of sponge-based moving bed biofilm reactor
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Bioresource Technology, 2016, 219 pp. 762 - 767
- Issue Date:
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Cubic-shaped polyurethane sponges (15 × 15 × 15 mm) in the form of biofilm carriers were used in a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) for treating synthetic domestic wastewater. Results indicated there was no significant difference in total organic carbon (TOC) and ammonia (NH4+-N) removal at different filling fractions. Three reactors exhibited high removal efficiencies of over 93% TOC and 95% NH4+-N on average at an HRT of 12 h and aeration flow of 0.09 m3/h. However, total nitrogen (TN) removal and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) increased with increasing the filling fraction. TN removal averaged at 77.2, 85.5% and 86.7% in 10%, 20% and 30% filling fraction reactor, respectively. Correspondingly, SND were 85.5 ± 8.7%, 91.3 ± 9.4% and 93.3 ± 10.2%. Moreover, it was observed that sponge carriers in the 20% filling fraction reactor achieved the maximum biomass amount per gram sponge, followed by the 10% and 30% filling fraction reactors.
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