Distributed Hybrid Coverage Hole Recovery in Wireless Sensor Networks

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Sensors Journal, 2016, 16 (23), pp. 8640 - 8648
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© 2001-2012 IEEE. Coverage holes (CHs) can compromise the reliability and functionality of wireless sensor networks. The recovery of CHs is challenging, especially in distributed applications where sensors have little knowledge about other sensors' actions. We propose a new game theoretic approach for recovering the CHs in a distributed manner. The key idea is that we formulate a potential game between the sensors, where each mobile sensor in the network only depends on local knowledge of its neighboring nodes and takes CH recovery actions recursively with global convergence. An appropriate combined action of physical relocation and sensing range adjustment can be taken by each sensor to reduce the CHs in an energy-efficient way. Simulation results show that the proposed game theoretic approach is able to substantially increase network lifetime and maintain network coverage in the presence of random damage events, as compared with the prior counterpart(s).
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