Characterization procedure for adsorption of DOC (Dissolved Organic Carbon) from synthetic wastewater

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Journal Article
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2002, 19 (5), pp. 888 - 894
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A characterization method to evaluate the composition of background organic matters in terms of adsorbability was presented and applied to synthetic and domestic wastewater. The binomial distribution of DOC (Dissolved Organic Carbon) fraction in relation of a characterizing variable, the Freundlich coefficient, k, was proposed to describe the initial composition of wastewater by a finite number of pseudospecies. This method was tested for removal of DOC by using granular and powdered activated carbons. These experiments enable us to get information on the distribution function of species in the solution. From the results obtained in this work, kinetic experimental data were predicted on the assumption that the diffusion coefficients were unchanged during the experiments. It was confirmed to be effective in determining the initial composition and describing the equilibria of the DOC. From the experiments, it was found that this synthetic solution has a sigmoid type isotherm on activated carbons. This implies that there are two different adsorption regions in a system, favourable and unfavourable cases, depending on the solution concentration. This unfamiliar problem can be solved by using a characterization method based on IAST- Freundlich model.
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