Design and Testing of Simple, Electrically Small, Low-Profile, Huygens Source Antennas with Broadside Radiation Performance

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2016, 64 (11), pp. 4607 - 4617
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
The efficacy of a simple, electrically small, low-profile, Huygens source antenna that radiates in its broadside direction is demonstrated numerically and experimentally. First, two types of electrically small, near field resonant parasitic (NFRP) antennas are introduced and their individual radiation performance characteristics are discussed. The electric one is based on a modified Egyptian axe dipole NFRP element; the magnetic one is based on a capacitively loaded loop (CLL) NFRP element. In both cases the driven element is a simple coax-fed dipole antenna, and there is no ground plane. By organically combining these two elements, Huygens source antennas are obtained. A forward propagating demonstrator version was fabricated and tested. The experimental results are in good agreement with their analytical and simulated values. This low profile, ~ 0.05 λ0, and electrically small, ka = 0.645, prototype yielded a peak realized gain of 2.03 dBi in the broadside direction with a front-to-back ratio (FTBR) of 16.92 dB. A backward radiating version is also obtained; its simulated current distribution behavior is compared to that of the forward version to illustrate the design principles.
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