Electrically Small, Broadside Radiating Huygens Source Antenna Augmented with Internal Non-Foster Elements to Increase Its Bandwidth

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2016
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
A broadside radiating, linearly polarized, electrically small Huygens source antenna system that has a large impedance bandwidth is reported. The bandwidth performance is facilitated by embedding non-Foster components into the near-field resonant parasitic (NFRP) elements of this metamaterial-inspired antenna. High quality and stable radiation performance characteristics are achieved over the entire operational bandwidth. When the ideal non-Foster components are introduced, the simulated impedance bandwidth witnesses approximately a 17-fold enhancement over the passive case. Within this -10dB bandwidth, its maximum realized gain, radiation efficiency, and front-to-back ratio (FTBR) are, respectively, 4.00 dB, 88%, and 26.95 dB. When the anticipated actual negative impedance convertor (NIC) circuits are incorporated, the impedance bandwidth still sustains more than a 10-fold enhancement. The peak realized gain, radiation efficiency, and FTBR values are, respectively, 3.74 dB, 80%, and 28.01 dB, which are very comparable to the ideal values.
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