Typologies of Design Practice

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Philosophy of Technology and Engineering Sciences, 2009, pp. 455 - 487
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Design is a human activity in which one creates plans for the creation of artifacts that aim to have value for a prospective user of the artifact, to assist the user in his/her effort to attain certain goals. These goals can be purely functional, or they can encompass a broad array of cultural and social aims. The output of the design project consists of a "design." That is, a description of the form, function and working of the designed artefact, a description of the interface between this artefact with the outside world, and a "use plan," outlining how the artefact is meant to be used, and within which context it is meant to operate. The work of the designer also includes the creation of a justification to accompany the design. This is crucial because design is never done in isolation: designers create blueprints for artefacts that other people manufacture, sell and perform maintenance upon, and that aim to enhance the well-being of the most important "other" of all, the prospective user. © 2009 Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved..
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