Distributed dynamic state estimation over a lossy communication network with an application to smart grids

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016, 2016, pp. 6657 - 6662
Issue Date:
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© 2016 IEEE. In contrast to the traditional centralised power system state estimation methods, this paper investigates the interconnected optimal filtering problem for distributed dynamic state estimation considering packet losses. Specifically, the power system incorporating microgrids is modelled as a state-space linear equation where sensors are deployed to obtain measurements. Basically, the sensing information is transmitted to the energy management system through a lossy communication network where measurements are lost. As the system states are unavailable, so the estimation is essential to know the overall operating conditions of the electricity network. The proposed estimator is based on the mean squared error between the actual state and its estimate. To obtain the distributed estimation, the optimal local and neighbouring gains are computed to reach a consensus estimation after exchanging their information with the neighbouring estimators. Then the convergence of the developed algorithm is theoretically proved. Afterwards, a distributed controller is designed based on the semidefinite programming approach. Simulation results demonstrate the accuracy of the developed approaches under the condition of missing measurements.
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