Prototype Cities in the Sea

Publication Type:
Journal article
Kaji-O'Grady Sandra and Raisbeck P 2005, 'Prototype Cities in the Sea', Routledge, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 443-461.
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
Files in This Item:
Filename Description Size
Thumbnail2005002075.pdf1.4 MB
Adobe PDF
This paper reviews the ambitions and importance of design proposals for inhabiting the sea from the 1960s and 1970s. Critics in subsequent decades dismissed projects for the sea as irrelevant utopias and technological fantasies. While the unique marine environment and the new city were sometimes taken up as opportunities for social and formal experiment, there are many technically resolved projects considered by architects and developers alike as viable alternatives to terrestrial cities. This paper argues that architects adopted technologies from the exploration, fishing, military and mining industries towards solving what were widely perceived as threats to human existence. Neither in ambition nor detail were these projects futuristic fantasies. They were, rather, prototypes, a model this paper uses to examine a wide variety of projects, raising questions about the validity of their testing and the reasons for their failure to flourish. Using current proposals for new cities in the sea, shifts in attitude towards community and technology are traced.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: