A spectroscopic investigation of the weathering of a heritage Sydney sandstone

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2008, 71 (3), pp. 1032 - 1035
Issue Date:
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Infrared spectroscopy has been employed in a study of the degradation of heritage Sydney sandstone used in St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney, Australia. Spectra were used to characterise the clay components taken from weathered and unweathered sandstone blocks removed from the Cathedral as part of a restoration programme. Two types of kaolin clays - kaolinite and its polymorph, dickite - have been identified. A higher amount of dickite present in the clay of weathered sandstone indicated that a kaolinite-to-dickite transformation occurs upon weathering. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was also used to confirm the presence of a more thermally stable polymorph of the kaolinite in the sandstone. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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