A new state-of-charge estimation method for electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries based on multiple input parameter fitting model

Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Energy Research, 2017, 41 (9), pp. 1265 - 1276
Issue Date:
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Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. The estimation of state-of-charge (SOC) is crucial to determine the remaining capacity of the Lithium-Ion battery, and thus plays an important role in many electric vehicle control and energy storage management problems. The accuracy of the estimated SOC depends mostly on the accuracy of the battery model, which is mainly affected by factors like temperature, State of Health (SOH), and chemical reactions. Also many characteristic parameters of the battery cell, such as the output voltage, the internal resistance and so on, have close relations with SOC. Battery models are often identified by a large amount of experiments under different SOCs and temperatures. To resolve this difficulty and also improve modeling accuracy, a multiple input parameter fitting model of the Lithium-Ion battery and the factors that would affect the accuracy of the battery model are derived from the Nernst equation in this paper. Statistics theory is applied to obtain a more accurate battery model while using less measurement data. The relevant parameters can be calculated by data fitting through measurement on factors like continuously changing temperatures. From the obtained battery model, Extended Kalman Filter algorithm is applied to estimate the SOC. Finally, simulation and experimental results are given to illustrate the advantage of the proposed SOC estimation method. It is found that the proposed SOC estimation method always satisfies the precision requirement in the relevant Standards under different environmental temperatures. Particularly, the SOC estimation accuracy can be improved by 14% under low temperatures below 0 °C compared with existing methods. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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