Regional Frameworks for Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution Control: A Legal Analysis on the North East Atlantic and the Baltic Sea Regions

Queensland University of Technology, Faculty of Law
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Journal Article
Queensland University of Technology law and justice journal, 2004, 4 (1), pp. 1 - 22
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There are problems and interests arising in regional areas which are larger than national interests, and in which national actors can participate, but yet which are not global in scope.[1] These are typically special to a particular locality, and not amenable to effective treatment through global rule making.[2] In this context, the management of problems in enclosed or semi-enclosed seas, the management of regional pelagic fisheries and certain regional efforts pertaining to scientific inquiry and information gathering,[3] are important. In relation to joint regional efforts to combat land-based sources of marine pollution (`LBSMP), the term `regional is defined as, `efforts by three or more states to manage the oceans and their resources.[4] The objective of this paper is to describe new developments and fill the gaps in literature addressing regional efforts to control LBSMP. It analyses regional approaches and comments on developments to control LBSMP. In this context the paper explores the legal and institutional developments in the North-East Atlantic region and the Baltic Sea region. All these arrangements are examined with a view to assess what progress has been made to achieve the goal of LBSMP control under the legal frameworks of these regions.
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