Development of the Inner Spherical CVT for a motorcycle

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Journal Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology, 2009, 10 (3), pp. 341 - 346
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An Inner Spherical CVT (ISCVT) transfers engine power by utilizing the traction force of the lubricant fluid film on the contact point between concave and convex spherical rolling bodies. Since the concave and the convex contact surfaces of the ISCVT are exactly spherical parts, they have a large circular (not elliptic) contact area, and the ISCVT mechanism has a larger torque capacity, less spin loss, and better stability than other traction drive mechanisms. The IVT (Infinitely Variable Transmission) performances also can easily be embodied in the ISCVT. In this work, we developed a prototype of the ISCVT for a motorcycle with a 125cc single cylinder engine having a maximum torque of 13.73 Nm at 8,000 rpm. The design parameters were determined, and the transmission performances were evaluated by optimal design procedure. The transmission efficiency, the life time, the maximum severe stresses on each part of the ISCVT, and the work needed for varying speed ratio were theoretically investigated, and the efficiency performances were experimentally measured. The manufactured prototype was installed in an actual motorcycle, which was fixed on the test-bench equipped with a dynamometer. The parasitic loss of the prototype and the cross-sectional road load performance were tested. The power efficiency of the simulated prototype was between 87̃92%, and the life span was more than 50,000 hours. The tested overall power efficiency was around 70̃92% under frequent driving conditions, which is an impressive performance in a motorcycle transmission despite the small difference from the simulation. © 2009 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH.
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