Adsorption and photocatalysis kinetics of herbicide onto titanium oxide and powdered activated carbon

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Separation and Purification Technology, 2008, 58 (3), pp. 335 - 342
Issue Date:
2008-01-15
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The adsorption and photocatalysis kinetics of metsulfuron-methyl (MM) onto titanium oxide (TiO2) and powdered activated carbon (PAC) were studied at varying adsorbent amount and MM concentration. The overall mass transfer in adsorption was estimated from concentration decay curves obtained in the batch adsorber. The maximum adsorption capacity decreased with increasing adsorbent amount in TiO2adsorption. The adsorption isotherms of MM could be plotted using the Langmuir isotherm model with a reasonable degree of accuracy having higher r2values rather than Freundlich isotherm model. Linear driving force approximation (LDFA) kinetic equation with Langmuir adsorption isotherm model was successfully applied to predict the adsorption kinetics data in various concentrations of MM in photobatch reactor. The estimated mass transfer coefficient was used to be 3.0 × 10-5, 5.5 × 10-5, 9.1 × 10-5m/s in PAC adsorption and 2.0 × 10-5, 1.1 × 10-5, 9.0 × 10-6m/s in TiO2adsorption for a different MM concentration of 20, 50 and 70 mg/L, respectively. Photocatalysis kinetics was same with TiO2of 0.2 g/L regardless of TiO2amounts and the MM degradation kinetics was enhanced by TiO2catalysis rather than only UV light degradation. Among the photocatalysis kinetics model with first-order, second-order and Langmuir-Hinshelwood (L-H) model, a second-order kinetic model was found to well present the experimental data of MM by TiO2catalyst for the range of various TiO2amounts and MM concentration studied. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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