A Comparative Analysis of the National Innovations Systems of China and Australia

Korean Society for Quality Management
Publication Type:
Journal Article
The Asian Journal on Quality, 2008, 9 (1), pp. 153 - 167
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This paper presents the findings of a visiting scholarship research that was carried out at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Australia. Based on the extensive literature review, govemment databases and intemational statistics, it introduces an analyical framework ior comparison of the national innovation systems (NIS) of China and Australia in regards to their stengths and weaknesses. This is done through individual examination and comparison of functions of typical institutions involved in innovation to reveal the structural characteristics and performances of the two systems. The interactions among these institutions are then analysed to illustrate their dynamics and efficiency. The comparison has shown clearly that China's NIS has several weaknesses and gaps due to its developing and transition stage. There are positive signs that Chinese Govemment has recognised the nature and scope of the problem and seems to work in the right direction. This paper aims to support this process by providing some tecommendations that could help bridge the gaps between the NISs of China and Australia. Due to the fact that both, China's and Australia's NISs, have their unique characteristics but share numerous complementary features, there is a large potential for further cooperation between the two national innovation systems.
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