Dynamic analysis of vehicles with uncertainty
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 2008, 222 (5), pp. 657 - 664
- Issue Date:
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The probabilistic and interval dynamic analysis of cars with uncertain parameters under random road input excitations by using a two-degree-of-freedom car model are presented in this paper. In the probabilistic analytical model, the vehicle parameters, including the sprung mass, unsprung mass, suspension damping, suspension, and tyre stiffness, are considered as random variables. The mean value, standard deviation, and variation coefficient of the vehicle's natural frequencies and mode shapes are obtained by using the Monte Carlo simulation method. Then, the computational expressions for the numerical characteristics of the mean square value of the vehicle's random response in the frequency domain are developed by means of the random variable's functional moment method. Considering the vehicle parameters as interval variables, the lower bound, upper bound, and interval change ratio value of the vehicle's random responses are obtained by means of the interval operations. The influences of the uncertainty of the vehicle parameters on the vehicle's natural frequencies, mode shapes, and dynamic responses are investigated in detail using a practical example. The comparison of the vehicle's dynamic characteristics using the probabilistic and interval analysis are also demonstrated. © IMechE 2008.
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