Low-Profile, Electrically Small, Huygens Source Antenna with Pattern-Reconfigurability That Covers the Entire Azimuthal Plane

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2017, 65 (3), pp. 1063 - 1072
Issue Date:
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A pattern-reconfigurable, low-profile, efficient, electrically small, near-field resonant parasitic (NFRP), Huygens source antenna is presented. The design incorporates both electric and magnetic NFRP elements. The electric ones are made reconfigurable by the inclusion of a set of p-i-n diodes. By arranging these electric and magnetic NFRP elements properly, a set of three Huygens sources are attained, each covering a 120° sector. Pattern reconfigurability is obtained by switching the diodes on or off; it encompasses the entire 360° azimuth range. A prototype was fabricated and tested. The numerical and experimental studies are in good agreement. The experimental results indicate that in each of its instantaneous states at = 1.564$ GHz, the antenna provides uniform peak realized gains, front-to-back ratios, and radiation efficiencies, respectively, as high as 3.55 dBi, 17.5 dB, and 84.9%, even though it is electrically small: 0.92 , and low profile.
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