Evaluation of Subscription-based Culture Change Models in Care Settings: Findings From a Systematic Review

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Journal Article
The Gerontologist, 2016, 56 (4), pp. e46 - e62
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© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Person-centered culture change models to which aged care service providers subscribe are gaining increasing traction. It has been suggested that culture change initiatives broadly are subject to a range of issues. It is difficult, however, to draw out from the existing literature specific information about the scope and quality of evidence regarding subscription-based approaches. The purpose of this study was to identify and review the peer-reviewed literature regarding these subscription-based models.DESIGN AND METHODS: The review used the Joanna Briggs Institute process and tools. Studies reporting on subscription-based person-centered culture change models in health and aged care, published in peer-reviewed literature in English up to and including 2015 were identified and assessed. In all, 28 articles reporting on 33 studies were included in the review.RESULTS: There was no single model for which a significant body of evidence was identified, and approaches to outcomes were fragmented. Research approaches varied. Rigor and reporting were of concern; however, strengths of the evidence base included generally adequate sample sizes and the use of multiple methods including large data sets and standardized scales.IMPLICATIONS: Despite their structured approaches, research and evaluation for subscription-based models are limited, ad hoc, and fragmented. A more comprehensive program of research that is embedded in the implementation process is needed. Recommendations include use of longitudinal study designs, attention to implementation and contextual factors, and measurement of both process and outcomes across the full range of culture change domains.
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