Swarm Interaction-based Simulation of Occupant Evacuation

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Conference Proceeding
IEEE 2008 Pacific Asia Workshop on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application, 2008, pp. 329 - 333
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The understanding of occupant responses during an evacuation is crucial for improving the design of effective escape routes. An approach, incorporated the swarm behaviour, for simulating the evacuation of occupants from an enclosed environment is proposed in this paper. This method complements the research in evacuations adopting the cellular automatic and lattice gas models. In particular, it is shown that the trajectories followed by evacuees under panic could be mimicked by the social interaction among them and self-experiences of the individuals. Simulation results of the evacuation from a single exit enclosure are included to illustrate the feasibility of the swarm behaviour-based approach in imitating evacuation phenomena such as jamming and clogging.
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