Effects of long-haul transmeridian travel on player preparedness: Case study of a national team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2017, 20 (4), pp. 322 - 327
- Issue Date:
© 2016 Sports Medicine Australia Objectives Describe the effects of eastward long-haul transmeridian air travel on subjective jet-lag, sleep and wellness in professional football (soccer) players prior to the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil. Design Single cohort involving twenty-two male professional football players representing a national football team. Methods Data was collected from players prior to and following international travel from Sydney, Australia to Vitoria, Brazil. In total there were three flights, 19-h and 14,695 km of travel east across 11 time-zones. Training load and wellness measures were obtained in the week prior to and following travel, whilst sleep and jet-lag measures were collected on the day prior to travel (Pre), the day of arrival and for five days following travel (Post 1–5). Results Compared to Pre, perceived jet-lag was significantly increased on Post 1 to 4, with significantly greater levels on Post 1 compared to Post 5 (p < 0.05). Self-reported sleep duration during travel was 5.9 (4.8–7.0) h, which was significantly lower than all other nights (p ˂ 0.01), except for the night of arrival, where time in bed and sleep duration were significantly reduced compared to Post 1–4 (p ˂ 0.01). Lastly, compared to the week prior to travel, mean wellness was significantly reduced during the week following travel (p ˂ 0.01). Conclusions Self-reported sleep disruption during and following eastward long-haul transmeridian air travel, together with exacerbated jet-lag symptoms may result in reduced player wellness. Consequently, player preparedness for subsequent training and competition may be impeded, though physical performance data is lacking.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: