Frailty assessment instruments in heart failure: A systematic review

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Journal Article
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 2018, 17 (1), pp. 23 - 35
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© 2017, © The European Society of Cardiology 2017. Background: Frailty is an independent predictor of mortality across many conditions. Reported rates of frailty in heart failure range from 15% to 74%. There are several instruments available to assess frailty; however, to date there has been no consensus on the most appropriate instrument for use in individuals with heart failure. Aims: To identify how frailty is assessed in individuals with heart failure and to elucidate which domains of frailty are most frequently assessed. Methods: Key electronic databases were searched (MEDLINE, COCHRANE Central and CINAHL) to identify studies that assessed frailty in individuals with heart failure using a formal frailty instrument. Results: Twenty studies published in 24 articles were included, for which a total of seven unique frailty instruments were identified. The most commonly used instrument was the Frailty Phenotype (n= 11), with the majority of studies using a modified version of the Frailty Phenotype (n= 8). The second most commonly used instrument identified was the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (n= 4). Conclusion: There is an increasing interest in the assessment of frailty, but, to date, there is no frailty instrument validated specifically in the heart failure population.
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