Channels Selection using Independent Component Analysis and Scalp Map Projection for EEG-based Driver Fatigue Classification

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Conference Proceeding
Proceedings of the 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC’17), 2017, pp. 1808 - 1811
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This paper presents a classification of driver fatigue with electroencephalography (EEG) channels selection analysis. The system employs independent component analysis (ICA) with scalp map back projection to select the dominant of EEG channels. After channel selection, the features of the selected EEG channels were extracted based on power spectral density (PSD), and then classified using a Bayesian neural network. The results of the ICA decomposition with the backprojected scalp map and a threshold showed that the EEG channels can be reduced from 32 channels into 16 dominants channels involved in fatigue assessment as chosen channels, which included AF3, F3, FC1, FC5, T7, CP5, P3, O1, P4, P8, CP6, T8, FC2, F8, AF4, FP2. The result of fatigue vs. alert classification of the selected 16 channels yielded a sensitivity of 76.8%, specificity of 74.3% and an accuracy of 75.5%. Also, the classification results of the selected 16 channels are comparable to those using the original 32 channels. So, the selected 16 channels is preferable for ergonomics improvement of EEG-based fatigue classification system.
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