Nine-year objective and subjective follow-up of the ultra-lateral anterior repair for cystocele

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, 2014, 25 (3), pp. 387 - 392
Issue Date:
2014-01-01
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Introduction and hypothesis: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term objective and subjective outcomes of the native tissue ultra-lateral anterior repair for cystocele. Methods: An observational study of patients from a single tertiary centre was carried out from January 1994 to December 2006. Patients who underwent an ultra-lateral anterior repair during this period were sent the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI) questionnaire and invited to return for a POP-Q examination. Symptoms of prolapse, stage of cystocele recurrence and reoperation rate were assessed at follow-up. Results: Of the 135 patients recruited, 53 also had a POP-Q examination. Mean follow-up was 9.25 years (SD 3.2). The anatomical recurrence rate was 45 % at 9.25 years, but only 26 % of patients had recurrent prolapse symptoms. Most recurrences (43 %) occurred at between 1 and 5 years. The reoperation rate for cystocele was 7.4 %. Conclusion: Despite these rates of anatomical and symptomatic recurrence, only 7.4 % of patients underwent repeat cystocele surgery. Thus, symptomatic/ anatomical recurrence of prolapse often does not mandate surgical correction. Considering that mesh complications require surgical management in approximately 10-15 %, this study supports the notion that the use of mesh in anterior vaginal repairs to reduce the risk of "recurrence" needs careful discussion with each patient. © 2013 The International Urogynecological Association.
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