Two-Stage Road Terrain Identification Approach for Land Vehicles Using Feature-Based and Markov Random Field Algorithm

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Intelligent Systems, 2018, 33 (1), pp. 29 - 39
Issue Date:
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© 2001-2011 IEEE. Road terrain identification is one of the important tasks for driving assistant systems or autonomous land vehicles. It plays a key role in improving driving strategy and enhancing fuel efficiency. In this paper, a two-stage approach using multiple sensors is presented. In the first stage, a feature-based identification approach is performed using an accelerometer, a camera, and downward-looking and forward-looking laser range finders (LRFs). This produces four classification label sequences. In the second stage, a majority vote is implemented for each label sequences to match them into synchronized road patches. Then a Markov Random Field (MRF) model is designed to generate the final optimized identification results to improve the forward-looking LRF. This approach enables the vehicle to observe the upcoming road terrain before moving onto it by fusing all the classification results using an MRF algorithm. The experiments show this approach improved the terrain identification accuracy and robustness significantly for some familiar road terrains.
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