Feasibility study of a nurse-led heart failure education program

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Journal Article
Contemporary Nurse, 2016, 52 (4), pp. 499 - 510
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© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Aims/Objectives: To assess the feasibility of a nurse-led heart failure (HF) education program using the Self-Care Heart Failure Index (SCHFI) instrument. Background: HF is a frequent and burdensome condition requiring support with self-care management strategies and education. Translating best practice to health services is important in improving health outcomes. Design: Longitudinal quasi-experimental design. Methods: A convenience sample of (N = 41) patients with HF. We implemented a nurse-led education program with 30-day post-discharge home-based telephone follow-up. The SCHFI was used to measure self-care behaviors. 30-day readmission rates were assessed. Results: A significant difference was found in scores for self-care maintenance (p ≤.001) and self-care management (p ≤.001) subscales, not self-care confidence. There was no statistically significant difference between 30-day HF readmission rates. Conclusions: Findings suggest that the nurse-led evidence-based HF education program improved self-care behaviors and decreased 30-day readmissions. There is a need for continued development of interventions focused on improving patient self-care confidence.
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