Subject-independent P300 BCI using ensemble classifier, dynamic stopping and adaptive learning

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
2017 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2017 - Proceedings, 2017, 2018-January pp. 1 - 7
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© 2017 IEEE. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are used to assist people, especially those with verbal or physical disabilities, communicate with the computer to indicate their selections, control a device or answer questions only by their mere thoughts. Due to the noisy nature of brain signals, the required time for each experimental session must be lengthened to reach satisfactory accuracy. This is the trade-off between the speed and the precision of a BCI system. In this paper, we propose a unified method which is the integration of ensemble classifier, dynamic stopping, and adaptive learning. We are able to both increase the accuracy, as well as to reduce the spelling time of the P300-Speller. Another merit of our study is that it does not require the training phase for any new subject, hence eliminates the extensively time-consuming process for learning purposes. Experimental results show that we achieve the averaged bit rate boost up of 182% on 15 subjects. Our best achieved accuracy is 95.95% by using 7.49 flashing iterations and our best achieved bit rate is 40.87 bits/min with 83.99% accuracy and 3.64 iterations. To the best of our knowledge, these results outperformed most of the related P300-based BCI studies.
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