A pilot randomized controlled trial of self-help relaxation to reduce post-stroke depression
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Clinical Rehabilitation, 2018, 32 (6), pp. 747 - 751
- Issue Date:
© 2017, © The Author(s) 2017. Objective: To consider the potential of self-help relaxation training to treat depression after stroke. Design: Randomized controlled trial with cross-over at three months. Setting: Community. Participants: In total, 21 people with stroke, aged 49–82 years. Intervention: Autogenic relaxation CD. Main measure: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale–Depression (HADS-D) subscale. Results: No difference in depression change scores was identified between the treatment and control groups; however, on two follow-ups, significant positive differences relative to screening were found for the treatment group (at 2 months Z = −2.55, P =.011 and 12 months Z = −2.44, P =.015). A partial η2 =.07 was identified. Conclusion: Self-help relaxation holds promise as a self-help treatment for depression after stroke. Findings from this trial, considered with others of relaxation for depression, suggest that a study including a total of 80 participants would likely be sufficient to establish efficacy of the treatment, relative to controls, in those with stroke.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: