Family behaviours that have an impact on the self-management activities of adults living with Type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-synthesis

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Diabetic Medicine, 2018, 35 (2), pp. 184 - 194
Issue Date:
2018-02-01
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© 2017 Diabetes UK Aims: To identify family behaviours that adults with Type 2 diabetes’ perceive as having an impact on their diabetes self-management. Background: Research suggests that adults with Type 2 diabetes perceive that family members have an important impact on their self-management; however, it is unclear which family behaviours are perceived to influence self-management practices. Methods: This meta-synthesis identified and synthesized qualitative studies from the databases EMBASE, Medline and CINAHL published between the year 2000 and October 2016. Studies were eligible if they provided direct quotations from adults with Type 2 diabetes, describing the influence of families on their self-management. This meta-synthesis adheres to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. Results: Of the 2606 studies screened, 40 were included. This meta-synthesis identified that adults with Type 2 diabetes perceive family behaviours to be either: 1) facilitators of diabetes self-management; 2) barriers to diabetes self-management; or 3) equivocal behaviours with the potential to both support and/or impede diabetes self-management. Seven sub-themes were identified within these themes, including: four facilitator sub-themes (‘positive care partnerships’; ‘family watchfulness’; ‘families as extrinsic motivator’ and ‘independence from family’); two barrier sub-themes (‘obstructive behaviours’ and ‘limited capacity for family support’); and one equivocal behaviours subtheme (‘regular reminders and/or nagging’). Conclusion: While most family behaviours are unambiguously perceived by adults with Type 2 diabetes to act as facilitators of or barriers to self-management, some behaviours were perceived as being neither clear facilitators nor barriers; these were termed ‘equivocal behaviours’. If the concept of ‘equivocal behaviours’ is confirmed, it may be possible to encourage the adult living with Type 2 diabetes to reframe these behaviours so that they are perceived as enabling their diabetes self-management.
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