Effectiveness of a 12-week school-based educational preventive programme on weight and fasting blood glucose in “at-risk” adolescents of type 2 diabetes mellitus: Randomized controlled trial
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- International Journal of Nursing Practice, 2017, 23 (3)
- Issue Date:
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© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week school-based educational preventive programme for type 2 diabetes by change in weight and fasting blood glucose level in Jordanian adolescents. Sixteen percent of Jordanian adults have obesity-related type 2 diabetes and 5.6% of obese adolescents examined, however one-third unexamined. Rates in Arabic countries will double in 20 years, but this can be prevented and reversed by controlling obesity. A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2 unisex high schools in Irbid, Jordan, in 2012. Intervention and control participants, aged 12 to 18 years, were visibly overweight/obese. They were randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 205) or control (n = 196) groups. At-risk students were assessed before and after the 12-week intervention, for change in weight and fasting blood glucose level following preventive instruction and parent-supported changes. Mean age of participants was 15.3 years with equal percentages of both males (49.4%) and females. Post intervention, the intervention group, demonstrated statistically significant reductions: mean difference of 3.3 kg in weight (P <.000) and 1.36 mg/dL (0.075 mmol/L) in fasting blood glucose (P <.000). School-based early prevention intervention effectively reduced weight and fasting blood glucose in Jordanian at-risk adolescents.
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