Patterns and drivers of health care use in long-term childhood cancer survivors: A systematic review

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology, 2017, 120 pp. 60 - 76
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© 2017 The Authors Background Childhood cancer survival is increasing. But cancer and treatment late-effects can lead to ongoing health care use. We summarised the literature on the patterns and drivers of health care use among childhood cancer survivors. Method Pubmed, Embase and Medline were searched for studies reporting health care use in childhood cancer survivors. Results We included 22 studies, covering 88787 experiences of health care use. The proportion of survivors using follow-up care, physician visits, specialist visits, hospitalisations, dental care and screening services varied (36.4%–88.8%). Participation in screening was below recommendations (11.5%–81%). Drivers of increased health care use included higher income, private health insurance, attending follow-up care, chronic health conditions, prior radiotherapy, being female and older age. Conclusion Sociodemographic and clinical factors result in differences in health care use. Future research could investigate whether such use is appropriate and how survivors might be engaged to receive care appropriate to manage their needs.
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