Target torque estimation for gearshift in dual clutch transmission with uncertain parameters

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Journal Article
Applied Mathematical Modelling, 2017, 51 pp. 1 - 20
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© 2017 Elsevier Inc. The target torque of engaging clutches during gearshift is a key factor that affects the dynamic response of powertrains equipped with the dual clutch transmissions (DCT). This paper investigates a method to estimate the target torque of engaging clutches under conditions where engine torque and measurement signals contain white noise and some vehicle parameters (the radius of wheel and rolling friction coefficient) are uncertain. To compute the target torque accurately, the state of system should be estimated when the uncertain parameters exist. The vehicle powertrain is modeled as the 3DOF system when one clutch is closed and the 4DOF system when two clutches are open, while the measured signals include speeds of the engine, transmission, and vehicle (rotational speed of wheels). In addition to traditional extended Kalman filter (EKF), both the joint extended Kalman filter (JEKF) and dual extended Kalman filter (DEKF) are used to estimate the target torque. The simulation results show that DEKF and JEKF provide much higher accuracy in the estimation of target torque than EKF when some parameters of the model are uncertain, so as to produce a better ride performance of the transmission during gearshift, i.e. reduction of power interruption and compressed shifting time. Furthermore, the DEKF provides higher accuracy than the JEKF in estimating uncertain parameters.
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