A Novel Diode-Clamped Modular Multilevel Converter with Simplified Capacitor Voltage-Balancing Control

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2017, 64 (11), pp. 8843 - 8854
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© 1982-2012 IEEE. Multilevel converters have become very attractive for high-voltage-level power conversion in renewable power generation applications. The converter topology is an important issue in the studies of multilevel converter. Many multilevel topologies have been developed, but few of them are qualified with capacitor voltage self-balancing capability. This paper proposes a novel diode-clamped modular multilevel converter with simplified capacitor voltage-balancing control. In this topology, low-power rating diodes are used to clamp the capacitor voltages of the converter. Only the top submodule in each arm of the converter requires capacitor voltage control. Consequently, very few voltage sensors are needed for voltage control and the control computation burden is reduced greatly when the quantity of the submodules is high. A simple voltage-balancing control method with carrier phase-shifted modulation strategy is developed for this topology. Experiments based on a laboratory prototype were carried out and the results validated the capacitor-balancing performance of the proposed topology.
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