Performance evaluation of Noise-Assisted Multivariate Empirical Mode Decomposition and its application to multichannel EMG signals

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 2017, pp. 3457 - 3460
Issue Date:
2017-09-13
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© 2017 IEEE. The use of the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) for nonlinear signal processing has been popularized in the recent years. However, its utility for the processing of multichannel Electromyography (EMG) signals is still limited. This paper investigates the decomposition performance of multichannel EMGs by using the EMD-based approaches, Ensemble EMD (EEMD), Multivariate EMD (MEMD), and Noise-Assisted MEMD (NA-MEMD). In the experiment, 11 male subjects undergo three exercise programs, leg extension from a sitting position, flexion of the leg up, and gait, while electrodes are placed on the muscle groups, biceps femoris, vastus medialis, rectus femoris, and semitendinosus. The outcomes are then quantitatively estimated on the basis of three criterions, the number of Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs), mode-alignment and mode-mixing. Results show both MEMD and NA-MEMD can guarantee equal numbers of IMFs, whereas for mode-alignment and mode-mixing, NA-MEMD is optimal compared with MEMD and EEMD, and MEMD is merely better than EEMD. This finding implies that NA-MEMD is effective for simultaneously analyzing IMFs based frequency bands. It has a vital clinical implication in exploring the neuromuscular patterns that enable the multiple muscle groups to coordinate while performing functional activities of daily living.
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