On the wind noise reduction mechanism of porous microphone windscreens

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2017, 142 (4), pp. 2454 - 2463
Issue Date:
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© 2017 Acoustical Society of America. This paper investigates the wind noise reduction mechanism of porous microphone windscreens. The pressure fluctuations inside the porous windscreens with various viscous and inertial coefficients are studied with numerical simulations. The viscous and inertial coefficients represent the viscous forces resulting from the fluid-solid interaction along the surface of the pores and the inertial forces imposed on the fluid flow by the solid structure of the porous medium, respectively. Simulation results indicate that the wind noise reduction first increases and then decreases with both viscous and inertial coefficients after reaching a maximum. Experimental results conducted on five porous microphone windscreens with porosity from 20 to 60 pores per inch (PPI) show that the 40 PPI windscreen has the highest wind noise reduction performance, and this supports the simulation results. The existence of the optimal values for the viscous and inertial coefficients is explained qualitatively and it is shown that the design of the porous microphone windscreens should take into account both the turbulence suppression inside and the wake generation behind the windscreen to achieve optimal performance.
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