Biologically inspired self-organization and node-level interference mitigation amongst multiple coexisting wireless body area networks

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Conference Proceeding
2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2017, 2017, pp. 1221 - 1226
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© 2017 IEEE. This paper presents a node-level self-organizing interference avoidance scheme (SIAC) between multiple coexisting wireless body area networks (WBANs) that incorporates self-organization and smart spectrum allocation. It follows a biologically inspired approach based on the theory of pulse-coupled oscillators for self-organization. The proposed scheme makes three major contributions as compared to the current literature. Firstly, it considers node-level interference for internetwork interference mitigation rather than considering each WBAN as a whole. Secondly, it allocates synchronous and parallel transmission intervals for interference avoidance in an optimal manner and dynamically adapts to changes in their coexistence. Finally, it achieves collision-free, self-organized communication with only information of the firing signal of each WBAN and does not require a global coordinator to manage its communications. It operates on a nodes traffic priority, signal strength, and density of sensors in a WBAN. Simulation results show that our proposal achieves a fast convergence time despite the little information it receives. Moreover, SIAC is shown to be robust to variations in signal strength, number of coexisting WBANs and number of sensor nodes within each WBAN.
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