Characterization of single polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofiber for flow sensing applications

Publication Type:
Journal Article
AIP Advances, 2017, 7 (10)
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2017 Author(s). The use of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) based piezoelectric nanofibers for sensing and actuation has been reported widely in the past. However, in most cases, PVDF piezoelectric nanofiber mats have been used for sensing applications. This work fundamentally characterizes a single electrospun PVDF nanofiber and demonstrates its application as a sensing element for nanoelectromechanical sensors (NEMS). PVDF nanofiber mats were spun by far field electrospinning (FFES) process and complete material characterization was conducted by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging, Raman Spectroscopy and FTIR spectroscopy. An optimized recipe was developed for spinning a single suspended nanofiber on a specially designed MEMS substrate which allows the nano-mechanical and electrical characterization of a single PVDF nanofiber. Electrical characterization is conducted using a single suspended nanofiber to determine the piezoelectric coefficient (d33) of the nanofiber to be -58.77 pm/V. Also the mechanical characterization conducted using a nanoindenter revealed a Young's Modulus and hardness of 2.2 GPa and 0.1 GPa respectively. Finally, an application that utilizes the single PVDF nanofiber as a sensing element to form a NEMS flow sensor is demonstrated. The single nanofiber flow sensor is tested in presence of various oscillatory flow conditions.
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